PRIMITIVO igp 2017 Organic wine Tenute Viglione
Colour: Ruby red colour, enriched with violet reflections;
Bouquet: recalls ripe cherries and plums, with pleasant notes of cocoa and vanilla.
Tasting notes: velvety texture. Ends with notes of persistent sweetness
ABOUT PRIMITIVO …
The first documented use of the term Primitivo appears in Italian governmental publications of the 1870s. The name derives from the terms primativus or primaticcio, which refer to the grape’s tendency to ripen earlier than other varieties. This name’s appearance, 40 years after the first documented use of the term Zinfandel, was previously thought to suggest that Primitivo was introduced to Italy from across the Atlantic; however, this hypothesis has become unlikely since the discovery of the vine’s Croatian origin. Primitivo is now thought to have been introduced as a distinct clone into the Apulia region of Italy in the 18th century. Don Francesco Filippo Indellicati, the priest of the church at Gioia del Colle near Bari, selected an early (“primo”) ripening plant of the Zagarese variety and planted it in Liponti.This clone ripened at the end of August and became widespread throughout northern Apulia.Cuttings came to the other great Primitivo DOC (denominazione di origine controllata or “denomination of controlled origin”) as part of the dowry of the Countess Sabini of Altamura when she married Don Tommaso Schiavoni-Tafuri of Manduria in the late 19th century.Archaeological evidence indicates that domestication of Vitis vinifera occurred in the Caucasus region around 6000 BCE, and winemaking was discovered shortly after that.Cultivation of the vine subsequently spread to the Mediterranean and surrounding regions. Croatia once had several indigenous varieties related to Zinfandel,which formed the basis of its wine industry in the 19th century. This diversity suggests that the grapes have been grown in Croatia longer than anywhere else. However, these varieties were almost entirely wiped out by the phylloxera epidemic of the late 19th century, eventually reducing Zinfandel to just nine vines of locally-known “Crljenak Kaštelanski” discovered in 2001 on the Dalmatian coast of Croatia.
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